The Basics Of Golf Clubs For Beginners

If you are a beginner at the most valuable game of golf? You have a lot to know if you want your game to improve steadily. If you don’t know, how quick you will master your skills depends on how well you know your golf clubs and other golf equipment. 

Unlike some other sports out there, becoming a successful golfer is more than talent and passion. You need to have a vast understanding of every piece of equipment you are using to play, especially your golf clubs

Now, let’s get to the basics.

Golf clubs are the essential tools you use to hit the ball. The golf clubs are designed based on the functioning. However, the goal of club manufacturers is to produce a golf club that enhances golfer’s skills and style of play. When you finally understand the physics behind the golf clubs, you will find it easier to make a better swing and more accurate, forgiving, and long-distance shots.

Unless you are very familiar with the game, you might think a golf club is just a single golfing item. You are not a dullard; you are only a novice. And if I should make you feel better, nobody would know that fact except he or she gets familiar with the game. Or, better still, read a detailed article like this. 

A typical golf bag contains five categories clubs – woods, hybrids, irons, wedges, and potter. Are you familiar with that already? Let’s break it down. A modern golf club set consists of three efficient kinds of wood (the driver: 1, 3, and 5), 1 (3H) hybrid, seven irons (4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and PW), and lastly, a putter. That makes it a total of twelve golf clubs.  

The Rules of Golf permit you to carry up to 14 golf clubs in your bag on the standard. So, you have the liberty to add another specialty hybrid or wedge to your bag. 

Without further ado, let’s learn the basics of the five categories of golf clubs.

The Woods

The Woods is one of the most essential items in a typical golf bag. It is a hollow-bodied golf club with a large head. When a golfer is at a long distance (about 175 yards or more) away from the green, it is customary that he or she uses the wood. 

If you’re just getting familiar with golf equipment, you might be wondering why they call it ‘woods’ even when their heads are not made of woods. Yes. But, in ancient times, it used to be made of woods. 

This golf item helps you to hit long shots. Let’s say the golf hole you are aiming at is about 450 yards from tee to green. Most golfers prefer using the wood to hit the ball off the tee. 

This category of the club includes the fairway woods and the driver. The driver (or the 1 wood) has the lowest loft of the golf club. Meanwhile, the attic is the clubface angle that controls trajectory and influences distance. Typically, a driver’s loft ranges from 7 to 12 degrees. Lower lofted drivers require more skill to hit compared to higher lofted drivers. That’s why you can only find it in the hands of professional golfers. 

Typically, a golfer should have 3 and 5 wood in his or her bag. A 3-wood comes with a lot between 15 and 18 degrees, while 5 wood comes with a loft between 20 and 22 degrees. Hence, the higher the club number, the higher the loft. 

The Hybrids

Hybrids are a blend of iron-length club shaft and fairway wood head design. Based on the testimonies of veterans, the long irons are the most difficult to hit. Hybrids are meant to provide golfers with a more forgiving option, unlike the long irons, which are difficult to beat. 

Hybrids are becoming more popular in the golf world today. Indeed, the popularity has soared higher in recent years than most pro golfers with many of their 3 and 4 irons. One of the enticing advantages of hybrids is that they offer distance. If you have golfer friends, you might have seen them placing their 5 and 7 kinds of wood with a 2 or 3 combination. Note that the best way to read the distance from a hybrid is the loft.

The Irons

Golfers use irons when they are about 200 yards away from the green. The irons become more helpful to golfers as they move closer to the green. An iron set consists of 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, iron. And you cannot exclude the pitching wedge (PW). 

Many pro golfers, including seniors ladies and handicaps, are switching to a golf club set made with advanced technology to replace their 3 and 4 irons with 7 and 9 kinds of wood, higher-lofted. This trend is sensible, and I think you should consider it since you are just beginning your golf journey. 

The Wedges 

Wedges are specialty irons. The first I want to introduce to you is the pitching wedge (PW). A pitching wedge is usually around 46 – 48 degrees in the loft. Generally, wedges increase in 4 degrees loft. Hence, wedges typically come in 48, 52, 56, 60, and 64-degree lofts. The pitching wedges are the highest lofted irons in a typical standard set, and it’s also the lowest among the wedges. Aside from the Pitching Wedges (PW), we also have Approach Wedges (AW), Sand Wedges (SW), Lob Wedges (LW), and the high-lob wedges.

The Putters 

The putters are golf clubs with specific purposes. They are meant for getting the golf ball into the hole. After you might have slammed your drive 230 yards into the middle of the fairway, hit another 175 yards shot into the sand trap, wedged out into the green, the final step is to put for dough. 

The putter is essential to golf equipment on the green. The varieties of putter styles include long, short, belly, bent, heel-toe, center-hosel, mallet, and more.


In reality, you might not be able to reach some level of performance if you don’t know the unique functions of the various golf equipment. However, if you have a good mastery of your golf clubs, the sky is your point of view.